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Title: Wm. H. Harrison, President of the United States / drawn on stone by Chas. Fenderich ; from a painting by Mr. Franquinet.   Creator(s): Fenderich, Charles, lithographer   Date Created/Published: Washington City, D.C. : Chas. Fenderich & Co., c1841 Feb. 9.

Title: Wm. H. Harrison, President of the United States / drawn on stone by Chas. Fenderich ; from a painting by Mr. Franquinet.
Creator(s): Fenderich, Charles, lithographer
Date Created/Published: Washington City, D.C. : Chas. Fenderich & Co., c1841 Feb. 9.

After Martin Van Buren left office, Harrison took over. However, Harrison died after just a month of being president and was succeeded by his Vice President, John Tyler.

William Henry Harrison

9th President 1841

Fast Facts:

  • Born: February 9, 1773 in Charles City County, Virginia
  • Died: April 4, 1841 in Washington, D.C.
  • Home: Grouseland, Vincennes, Indiana
  • Parents: Benjamin (1726-1791) and Elizabeth Bassett (1730-1792) Harrison
  • Wife: Anna Tuthill Symmes (1775-1864)
  • Marriage: November 25, 1795
  • Children: Elizabeth Bassett (1796-1846), John Cleves Symmes (1798-1830), Lucy Singleton (1800-1826), William Henry Jr. (1802-1838), John Scott (1804-1878), Benjamin (1806-1840), Mary Symmes (1809-1842), Carter Bassett (1811-1839), and Anne Tuthill (1813-1845)
  • Occupations: Soldier and Politician
  • Religion: Episcopalian
  • Political Party: Whig
  • Political Offices Before Presidency: Secretary of the Northwest Territory, Northwest Delegate to the U.S. House, Governor of Indiana Territory, U.S. Representative, Ohio State Senator, U.S. Senator, Minister to Columbia
  • Military Service: Major General of Kentucky Militia, Brigadier General of U.S. Army, Major General in command of the Northwest, U.S. Army
  • Election Results: 1840: 234 Electoral Votes to 60 for Martin Van Buren of New York
  • Vice President: John Tyler of Virginia 1841

More Facts:

  • Harrison was the last president born a British Citizen (Before the Declaration of Independence)
  • Harrison’s father signed the Declaration of Independence
  • Harrison at first trained to become a doctor, but stopped when his dad died
  • Harrison was a war hero during the War of 1812
  • Harrison had the second-most kids (9) who survived childhood for a president (only Tyler had more)
  • Harrison’s wife was ill when Harrison became president, so she never actually  occupied the White House
  • Harrison gave the longest Inaugural Address in history, and caught a cold which led to his death a month later
  • Harrison was the first president to die in office and was president for the shortest amount of time
  • The Presidency had a “Curse” which stated that Every President elected every twenty years would die in office. The curse “Struck” Harrison, Lincoln, Garfield, McKinley, Harding, Roosevelt, and Kennedy before Ronald Reagan “Broke” the curse in 1981
  • Harrison’s grandson, Benjamin Harrison, also became President

Grading: I (Incomplete)

Harrison did not do much while president, so I can’t rank him. He didn’t promise much when elected, so we may never know what he would’ve done had he lived. He complained while in office of the long lines of office seekers and did promise to end the Spoils System.

Harrison was succeeded by his Vice President.

John Tyler

Title: [President John Tyler, half-length portrait, facing right]   Date Created/Published: [between ca. 1860 and 1865, printed later]

Title: [President John Tyler, half-length portrait, facing right]
Date Created/Published: [between ca. 1860 and 1865, printed later]

10th President 1841-1845

Fast Facts:

  • Born: March 29, 1790 in Charles City County, Virginia
  • Died: January 18, 1862 in Richmond, Virginia
  • Home: Sherwood Forest, Charles City County, Virginia
  • Parents: John (1747-1813) and Mary Margot Armistead (1761-1797) Tyler
  • First Wife: Letitia Christian (1790-1842)
  • First Marriage: Marcy 29, 1813
  • Children by First Wife: Mary (1815-1848), Robert (1816-1877), John (1819-1896), Letitia (1821-1907), Elizabeth (1823-1850), Alice (1827-1854), and Tazewell (1830-1874)
  • Second Wife: Julia Gardiner (1820-1889)
  • Second Marriage: June 26, 1844
  • Children by Second Wife: David Gardiner (1846-1927), John Alexander (1848-1883), Julia (1849-1871), Lachlan (1851-1902), Lyon Gardiner (1853-1935), Robert Fitzwalter (1856-1927), and Pearl (1860-1947)
  • Occupations: Lawyer
  • Religion: Episcopalian
  • Political Party: Democratic-Republican (Until 1827), Democrat (1827-1836), Whig (1836-1841), Independent (From 1841)
  • Political Offices Before Presidency: Member of Virginia House of Delegates, U.S. Representative, Governor of Virginia, U.S. Senator, Vice President
  • Military Service: Captain of Volunteer Company in Richmond, Virginia
  • Electoral Results: None
  • Vice President: None

More Facts:

  • Tyler was the first President not elected and to succeed upon the death of another President
  • Tyler was the first president to have married twice
  • Tyler had the most children (14) who survived childhood for any president
  • Tyler joined the Confederate States of American and his death in 1862 was not known for many years
  • Tyler still has two living grandchildren as of 2015 by his son Lyon Gardiner

Grading: C

Tyler only became president upon the death of Harrison, and most people called him “His Accidency” and considered him only as an acting president. However, Tyler made it clear that he would not accept this, establishing the precedent that a Vice President succeeding another president was not an acting president, but simply an unelected president.

  • Tyler vetoed a bill to reestablish the Bank of the United States twice, angering his party, which abandoned him. His entire cabinet, led by Henry Clay, resigned in protest
  • Tyler signed the Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842, setting Maine’s Border with Britain
  • In 1844, while Tyler was preparing to get married for the second time, to Julia Gardiner, he personally inspected the U.S. Princeton, the first steamer to be driven by a screw propeller. While Tyler was below deck with his future wife, the Peacemaker, the ship’s cannon, misfired and exploded on deck, killing Secretary of State Abel P. Usher, Secretary of the Navy Thomas W. Gilmer, David Gardiner, Julia Gardiner’s father, and 3 others. Tyler was unhurt
  • Tyler also urged Congress to annex Texas, which had recently declared independence from Mexico and was now in negotiations with the U.S. regarding annexation. Congress at first refused, but when Polk was elected president on a pro-annexation platform, Congress agreed to annex Texas. Texas would become a state later in 1845
  • Congress also overrode a veto regarding shipwrights while Tyler was leaving office. This was the first successful override of a President’s veto in U.S. history
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