Surrender of General Burgoyne by John Trumbull

Surrender of General Burgoyne by John Trumbull

The American Revolution created the United States, but it wouldn’t of gone that well for the USA had there not been the Battle of Saratoga.

The Saratoga campaign was headed by British General John Burgoyne. Burgoyne’s plan was to split New England and the Southern colonies, and had gone originally very well. Burgoyne won a small victory on September 17, 1777 over his rival, American General Horatio Gates, at the Battle of Freeman’s Farm, but had many casualties, and was forced to retreat. On October 7, Burgoyne decided to attack again at the Battle of Bemis Heights. The Americans’ however, succeeded in capturing a large portion of the British defenses, forcing Burgoyne to retreat yet again. Burgoyne was now trapped by American forces. Sir Henry Clinton, another British General, tried to distract the Americans by capturing 2 forts on the Hudson River, but his efforts were too late to help Burgoyne, and Burgoyne was forced to surrender on October 17.

The Saratoga Campaign was a very decisive victory for the Americans which gave them a huge advantage over the British, which they would never lose. Thanks to this victory for the USA, both France and Spain joined the war on the American’s side, which would result in the victory at Yorktown in 1781.