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Warren G. Harding

Official White House Portrait of Warren Harding created by Edward Hodgson Smart

This era in U.S. history sought a “Return To Normalcy”. During this period, the United States did not participate in the League of Nations, and was dominated by many isolationist Republicans. Warren G. Harding’s administration as President saw rampant corruption, while Coolidge’s was an era of American prosperity.


Warren G. Harding

29th President 1921-1923

Fast Facts:

  • Born: November 2, 1865 in Blooming Grove, Ohio
  • Died: August 2, 1923 in San Francisco, California
  • Home: Marion, Ohio
  • Parents: George Tryon (1843-1928) and Phoebe Dickerson (1843-1910) Harding
  • Wife: Florence Kling DeWolfe (1860-1924)
  • Marriage: July 8, 1891
  • Children: None by wife; One illegitimate child, Elizabeth Ann Blaesing (1919-2005)
  • Occupations: Newspaper editor, teacher, insurance salesman, reporter, publisher
  • Religion: Baptist
  • Political Party: Republican
  • Political Offices before Presidency: Member of Ohio State Senate, Lieutenant Governor of Ohio, U.S. Senator
  • Military Service: None
  • Election Results, 1920: 404 electoral votes to 127 for James M. Cox of Ohio
  • Vice-President: Calvin Coolidge of Massachusetts

More Facts:

  • Harding was the first President born after the Civil War
  • Harding was the second President not to outlive his father
  • Harding is the only known President to have fathered an illegitimate child
  • Harding was the 5th President to die in office

Grading: D

  • Harding formally ended World War I, since the Senate had rejected the League of Nations, and therefor the peace treaty that had been signed
  • Harding agreed to limit the Naval Armament of the United States with many other nations at the Washington Naval Armament Conference
  • Harding’s Cabinet was involved in the Teapot Dome Scandal, In which Albert B. Fall, Interior Secretary, was implicated in. It is not know for sure whether Harding was involved or had any knowledge of this scandal

Harding was Succeeded as President by his Vice-President.

Calvin Coolidge

30th President 1923-1929

Fast Facts:

Calivn Coolidge

Calvin Coolidge, 1919 from the Library of Congress


  • Born: July 4, 1872 in Plymouth Notch, Vermont
  • Died: January 5, 1933 in Northampton, Massachusetts
  • Home: Coolidge Homestead, Plymouth Notch, Vermont
  • Parents: John Calvin (1845-1926) and Victoria Josephine Moor (1846-1885) Coolidge
  • Wife: Grace Anna (1879-1957)
  • Children: John (1906-2000) and Calvin (1908-1924)
  • Marriage: October 4, 1905
  • Occupations: Lawyer
  • Religion: Congregationalist
  • Political Party: Republican
  • Political Offices before Presidency: Member of Massachusetts House of Representatives, Mayor of Northampton, Massachusetts, Member and President of Massachusetts Senate, Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts, Governor of Massachusetts, Vice President
  • Military Service: None
  • Election Results, 1924: 382 Electoral Votes to 136 for John W. Davis of New York and 13 for Robert M. Lafollette of Wisconsin
  • Vice-President: None (1923-1925), Charles G. Dawes of Illinois

More Facts:

  • Coolidge was inaugurated as President in 1923 by his father
  • Coolidge was the 5th Vice-President to succeed upon the death of a President
  • Coolidge was first named John Calvin Coolidge, but dropped the first name
  • Coolidge was known as “Silent Cal”, due to his speaking only occasionally and only in a few words

Grading: B

  • Coolidge reduced the size of the Federal Government significantly and allowed American Business to flourish during the “Roaring Twenties”
  • Some people say that this Reduced Government caused the Great Depression

Coolidge was succeeded by his Secretary of Commerce.