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Truman

Harry S Truman

This period saw the Fair Deal and the War in Korea. It also saw the first Republican elected President in twenty years. The United States during this era shoved aside it’s isolationism to participate in world affairs, and it was during this time that the Soviet Union and the United States started the Cold War.

 

Harry S Truman

33rd President 1945-1953

Fast Facts:

  • Born: May 8, 1884 in Lamar, Missouri
  • Died: December 26, 1972 in Kansas City, Missouri
  • Home: Truman Farm Home, Grandview, Missouri
  • Parents: John Anderson (1851-1914) and Martha Ellen Young (1852-1947) Truman
  • Wife: Elizabeth Virginia Wallace (1885-1982)
  • Marriage: June 28, 1919
  • Children: Mary Margaret (1924-2008)
  • Occupations: Railroad timekeeper, bank clerk, farmer, haberdasher
  • Religion: Baptist
  • Political Party: Democrat
  • Political Offices Before Presidency: County Judge for Jackson County, Missouri, United States Senator, U.S. Vice-President
  • Military Service: Missouri National Guard, Captain in 129th Field Artillery during World War I
  • Election Results, 1948: 303 Electoral Votes to 189 for Thomas E. Dewey of New York and 39 for Strom Thurmond of South Carolina
  • Vice-President: Alben W. Barkley of Kentucky
  • Amendments to the Constitution: Twenty-Second

More Facts:

  • Truman was the only President to have served in the military in World War I
  • Truman’s middle name is S without a period, because he was only given the letter S as his middle name
  • Truman was the 6th Vice-President to succeed upon the death of a President
  • Few Believed that Truman could win Re-election in 1948, but he did
  • Truman’s wife, Elizabeth Wallace, lived for 97 years. She is the longest living former First Lady ever

Grading: B

  • Truman dropped the Atomic Bombs on Japan, ending World War II
  • Truman joined the United Nations
  • Truman presented the Marshall Plan to provide aid to former countries to protect them from communism. This was a stepping stone to the Cold War
  • Truman recognized Israel as a sovereign nation
  • Truman proposed the Fair Deal and entered the war in Korea, which was won by neither side

Truman was succeeded by a prominent general from World War II.

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Eisenhower

Dwight D. Eisenhower

 

34th President 1953-1961

Fast Facts:

  • Born: October 14, 1890 in Denison, Texas
  • Died: March 28, 1969 in Washington, D.C.
  • Home: Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
  • Parents: David Jacob (1863-1942) and Ida Elizabeth Stover (1862-1946) Eisenhower
  • Wife: Mamie Geneva Doud (1896-1979)
  • Marriage: July 1, 1916
  • Children: Doud Dwight (1917-1921) and John Sheldon (1922-2013)
  • Occupations: Soldier, President of Columbia University
  • Religion: Presbyterian
  • Political Party: Republican
  • Political Offices Before Presidency: None
  • Military Service: Second Lieutenant in U.S. Army, Commander of European Theater of Operations, Supreme Commander of Allied Expeditionary Force in Western Europe, General of the Army, Army Chief of Staff, Supreme Commander of Allied Powers in Europe
  • Election Results, 1952: 442 Electoral Votes to 89 for Adlai E. Stevenson of Illinois. 1956: 457 Electoral Votes to 73 for Adlai E. Stevenson of Illinois
  • Vice-President: Richard Nixon of California
  • States Admitted to the Union: Alaska and Hawaii

More Facts:

  • Eisenhower was the last President born in the 1800’s
  • Eisenhower had no political experience, but he was a popular general during World War II

Grading: B

  • Eisenhower ended the Korean War
  • Eisenhower created the St. Lawrence Seaway, as well as the first freeway
  • Eisenhower proposed the Eisenhower Doctrine to continue aid the Western Europe
  • Eisenhower singed the Civil Rights acts of 1957 and 1960

Eisenhower was succeeded by a U.S. Senator and former Representative.

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