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JFK

John F. Kennedy

This era in American history saw the Kennedy White House, or “Camelot”, and the “Great Society” program under Johnson. The Cuban Missile Crisis, the Vietnam War, and Civil Rights were primary focuses of this period.

 

John Fitzgerald Kennedy

35th President 1961-1963

Fast Facts:

  • Born: May 29, 1917 in Brookline, Massachusetts
  • Died: November 22, 1963 in Dallas, Texas
  • Home: Georgetown, Washington, D.C.
  • Parents: Joseph Patrick (1888-1969) and Rose Fitzgerald (1890-1995) Kennedy
  • Wife: Jacqueline Lee Bouvier (1929-1994)
  • Marriage: September 12, 1953 in Newport, Rhode Island
  • Children: Caroline Bouvier (1957-Present), John Fitzgerald, Jr. (1960-1999), and Patrick Bouvier (1963)
  • Occupations: Author, Politician, Military officer, journalist
  • Religion: Roman Catholic
  • Political Party: Democrat
  • Political Offices Before Presidency: Member of U.S. House of Representatives, Member of U.S. Senate
  • Election Results, 1960: 203 electoral Votes to 219 for Richard Nixon of California and 15 for Harry Byrd of Virginia
  • Vice-President: Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas

More Facts:

  • Kennedy was the first President born in the 20th century
  • Kennedy was the 7th President to die in office and the 4th to be Assassinated
  • Kennedy was the only U.S. President not to outlive both his mother and father together

Grading: B

  • Kennedy created the Peace Corps
  • Kennedy’s approved Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba ended in failure after no U.S. Support for the Cuban refugees, and Kennedy apologized, accepting full responsibility
  • Kennedy helped dissolve the Cuban Missile Crisis in the wake of the Bay of Pigs
  • Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas. There are some conspiracy theories out there as to whether his supposed assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, actually killed him or if there was a cover-up

Kennedy was succeeded by his vice-President

Lyndon B. Johnson

36th President 1963-1969Lyndon B. Johnson

Fast Facts:

  • Born: August 27, 1908 in Gillespie County, Texas
  • Died: January 22, 11973 in Johnson City, Texas
  • Home: LBJ Ranch, Johnson City, Texas
  • Parents: Samuel Ealy (1877-1937) and Rebekah Baines (1881-1958) Johnson
  • Wife: Claudia Alta Taylor (1912-2007)
  • Marriage: November 17, 1934
  • Children: Lynda Bird (1944-Present) and Luci Baines (1947-Present)
  • Occupation: Teacher, rancher, politician
  • Religion: Disciples of Christ
  • Political Party: Democrat
  • Political Offices Before Presidency: Member of U.S. House of Representatives, Member of U.S. Senate, Vice-President
  • Election Results, 1964: 486 Electoral Votes to 52 for Barry M. Goldwater of Arizona
  • Vice-President: Hubert H. Humphrey of Minnesota
  • Amendments to the Constitution: Twenty-Third, Twenty-Fourth, and Twenty-Fifth

More Facts:

  • Johnson was the 7th Vice-President to succeed upon the death of a President
  • Johnson won with the largest electoral victory in 1964 since 1936

Grading: D

  • Johnson signed the Civil Right Act of 1964
  • Johnson engaged in the Vietnam War, which was an unprecedented failure
  • Johnson halted bombing in 1968 solely for his Vice-President, running for President, to win the election. Hubert Humphrey didn’t

Johnson was succeeded by a former U.S. Vice-President.

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