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Today is President’s Day, and I will again make a post about the Presidents!

This era in American History saw the humiliating withdrawal from the Vietnam War and the corrupt scandal Watergate.

Richard Nixon

Richard Nixon.jpg

Richard Nixon during the Watergate Scandal, 1974

 

37th President 1969-1974

Fast Facts:

  • Born: January 9, 1913 in Yorba Linda, California
  • Died: April 22, 1994 in New York City, New York
  • Parents: Francis Anthony (1878-1956) and Hannah Milhous (1885-1967) Nixon
  • Wife: Thelma “Pat” Catherine Ryan (1912-1993)
  • Marriage: June 21, 1940
  • Children: Patricia (1946-Present) and Julie (1948-Present)
  • Occupations: Lawyer, businessman, public official
  • Religion: Quaker
  • Political Party: Republican
  • Political Offices Before Presidency: Member of U.S. House of Representatives, Member of U.S. Senate, Vice-President
  • Military Service: Lieutenant Commander of U.s. Navy in World War II
  • Election Results, 1968: 301 Electoral Votes to 191 for Hubert H. Humphrey of Minnesota and 46 for George C. Wallace of Alabama
  • Vice-President: Spiro T. Agnew of Maryland (1969-1973) and Gerald R. Ford (1973-1974)
  • Amendments to the U.S. Constitution: Twenty-Sixth

More Facts:

  • Nixon’s first Vice-President, Spiro T. Agnew, resigned from office, becoming the second Vice-President to do so
  • Nixon was the first President to appoint a new Vice-President himself
  • Nixon is the only President to date to have resigned from the Presidency

Grading: D

  • Nixon withdrew U.S. Forces from Vietnam , officially ending the war
  • Nixon signed the SALT-I Treaty with the Soviet Union, limiting strategic arms
  • Nixon was directly involved in the Watergate Scandal, and resigned after impeachment was threatened

Nixon was succeeded by his Vice-President.

Gerald R. Ford

Gerald Ford

Gerald Ford, 1974

 

38th President 1974-1977

Fast Facts:

  • Born: July 14, 1913 in Omaha, Nebraska
  • Died: December 26, 2006 in Rancho Mirage, California
  • Parents: Leslie Lynch (1886-1941) and Dorothy Rudolph (1890-1962)
  • Wife: Elizabeth “Betsey” Bloomer Warren (1918-2011)
  • Marriage: October 15, 1948
  • Children: Michael Gerald (1950-Present), John Gardner (1952-Present), Steven Meigs (1956-Present, and Susan Elizabeth (1957-Present
  • Occupations: Lawyer
  • Religion: Episcopalian
  • Political Party: Republican
  • Political Offices Before Presidency: Member and Minority Leader of U.S. House of Representatives, Vice-President
  • Election Results: None
  • Vice-President: Nelson Rockefeller of New York

More Facts:

  • Ford’s original last name was King, but after  his mother married another man, Ford named himself after his new stepfather
  • Ford was the only President to have become both Vice-President and President without an election
  • Ford was the only Vice-President to ever succeed a resigning President
  • Ford was the second President to appoint a new Vice-President

Grading: C

  • Ford granted a pardon to Richard Nixon, arguing that his trial would divide the country. As a result, Ford’s popularity instantly fell
  • The country saw the highest unemployment since 1941 under Ford

 

Ford was succeeded by a former Governor of Georgia.

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