The Battle of Dien Bien Phu was a turning point in the First Indochina War between Viet Minh and the French forces.
France was losing the Indochina War. General Rene Cogny built an airstrip and base at Dien Bien Phu, and ordered an operation against the Viet Minh, overlooking obvious mistakes. The Viet Minh soon conquered Beatrice and Gabrielle, important outposts defending the French. The Viet Minh then attacked the French position at Dien Bien Phu. The French were initially able to beat back the assault, but suffered heavy casualties. The Viet Minh eventually overran the position in an all-out assault, ending the battle.
The Battle of Dien Bien Phu was important In the First Indochina War. The French lost most of Vietnam to the Viet Minh, and Indochina became free of French rule. The United States would later wage war to keep Vietnam from becoming completely communist, though it would later do so.